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Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2010.  Determinants de la competitivitat de les petites empreses i microempreses en un entorn d’innovació. , Barcelona: CTESC AbstractPhD dissertation (full text)

Our research goal is to analyze some of the factors that favor the competitiveness of small and micro companies. Specifically, we analyze the ability to improve the company competitiveness through the relationship among the productive fabric and the University and research system. The analytical question is the study of the way how companies innovate to succeed in the markets. In particular how they take profit of the surrounding resources to achieve the intermediate goal of innovation and the final goal of profitability.

We put our attention in two specific determinants of innovation which also affect business performance: first of all cooperation activities, and more generally networking with external agents; and secondly, the capabilities of the company, more precisely, its absorptive capability.

The empirical analysis is based on a survey of companies belonging to an innovative milieu, delimited and predefined, created and managed by Barcelona Activa, the local development agency created by the City Council of Barcelona.

In order to analyze the paths through which some organizational characteristics and strategies favor the company performance, we used path analysis models. Because of the fieldwork, data are cross section and mainly qualitative so we took a Bayesian approach using MCMC (Markov Chain Monte Carlo) algorithms for the estimation of the models.

The empirical results show that cooperation with universities and research centers favors both innovation and business performance in that specific non university innovative milieu.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2010.  Determinants of science-based cooperation: evidence in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 11th Management International Conference.. :24–27., Ankara (Turkey) Abstract

We study the determinants of science-based cooperation in the case of small and micro firms. We propose an analytical framework based on the resource-based view of the firm. We identify a set of organisational characteristics, which we classify as internal, external and structural factors. Each factor can be linked to at least one reason, from the firm’s point of view, to cooperate with universities and public research centres. Each reason can in turn be used as an indicator of a firm’s organisational needs or organisational capacities. In order to validate the theoretical model, we estimate a logistic regression that models the propensity to participate in science-based cooperation activities within a sample of 285 small and micro firms.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2010.  Household access to mobile telephony in Latin America. In Svensson, J.; Wicander, G. (eds.): Proceedings of the 2nd International conference on M4D Mobile Communication Technology for Development M4D 2010. :60-69., Kampala (Uganda): Karlstad University Abstractfernandezardevol_m4d2010_dspace.pdf

By analyzing available data on household access to mobile telephony gathered through household surveys we are able to enrich the information given by the most usual indicator on mobile diffusion, mobile subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. Household data should contribute to a better understanding and contextualization of the current research on the field. The
description is centered in Latin America and the Caribbean, where data confirm that (1) mobile telephony is the most usual bidirectional communication tool at a household level, and (2) it is better distributed among income levels than fixed phones and Internet. Finally, it seems that mobile subscriptions per 100 inhabitants cannot be used as a unique tool for estimating household mobile access.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ros Híjar A,(eds.).  2009.  Communication Technologies in Latin America and Africa: A multidisciplinary perspective. , Barcelona: IN3 - UOC AbstractFull publication


Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Section 1. Shaping the economic sphere

1.- Mobile-based livelihood services in Africa: pilots and early deployments
Jonathan Donner

2.- Mobile phones as a tool in the household production process Evidence from Puno, Peru
Roxana Barrantes

3.- Mobile opportunities: Poverty and Mobile Telephony in Latin America and the Caribbean. The case of Mexico
Judith Mariscal

4.- Broadband Internet access in developing countries: Universal service provision and pricing schemes
Carlos Gutiérrez Hita & Juana Aznar Márquez

Section 2. Shaping communicative practices

5.- Managing the cost of mobile communication in Ghana
Araba Sey

6.- Africa connects: Mobile communication and social change in the margins of African society. The example of the
Bamenda Grassfields, Cameroon
Mirjam de Bruijn

7.- From “lands at the end of the earth” to “lands of progress”? Communication and mobility in South-Eastern Angola
Inge Brinkman & Silvia Alessi

8.- Imagined connectivity, poetic text-messaging and appropriation in Sudan
Siri Lamoureaux

Section 3. Shaping migratory cultures

9.- Connectivity, Migration and Socio-Economic Development with a focus on the Maghreb
Ivan Ureta

10.- ICTs in Senegal: between migration culture and socio-cultural and politico-economic positioning
Aly Tandian

11.- Moving and mediating: a mobile view on sub-Saharan African migration towards Europe
Joris Schapendonk

12.- ICT and codeveloppement between Catalonia and Senegal (French)
Papa Sow & Rosnert Ludovic Alissoutin

13.- Can the diaspora contribute to the development of their home countries?
Ana M. González Ramos, Jörg Müller & Milagros Sáinz Ibáñez

Summing up
Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J, Vilaseca J.  2009.  Innovative cluster, micro firms and local development in Barcelona. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. 7(2):214-231. Abstract

An entrepreneurial environment is conformed by factors that play a favourable role in the development of entrepreneurship. Economic literature on innovative milieus identifies those elements that are decisive in improving the competitive performance of companies. We analysed whether Barcelona Activa’s specific environment promotes the development of an innovative milieu which favours entrepreneurial attitudes. The results show how the combination of incubation experience, development of ICT-based innovations and cooperation considerably improve the success probability of new firms. Moreover, participation in institutional activities that strengthen commercial and social networks also improves their chances. The local agency seems to be particularly suitable for entrepreneurs with labour experience and it plays a complementary role in the framework of the wide range of university spin-off centres in the metropolitan region.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2009.  Science-based cooperation and business success: Transmittal mechanisms in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 10th Management International Conference. :pp-pp., Sousse (Tunisia) Abstractmic2010-fernandezardevol.pdf

Available evidence states that cooperation with universities and research centers improves companies’ competitiveness. But a firm needs some abilities to take profit of these interactions. In this sense, absorptive capacity (Cohen and Levinthal 1989/90) determines the ability - and the interest- of firms to cooperate with universities. The goal of this research is to deepen our knowledge about the firm internal transmittal mechanisms operating form scientific based cooperation to business success through innovation. The empirical analysis is based on a unique sample of 285 small and micro firms of Barcelona, mostly youth. We use path analysis techniques under a Bayesian approach. To properly deal with the qualitative nature of most of the variables, estimation is based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Considering innovation both as a process and a result, we are able to verify that this is a necessary intermediate step for business success. However, this is not the unique channel in operation. Finally, we also observe the importance of scientific based cooperation among a sample of firms that belong to a context not directly related to universities.

Castells, M, Vilaseca J,(dirs.), Ammetllet G, Esteban I, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Lladós J, Rodríguez I, Torrent J, Vilaseca J.  2007.  Entorno innovador, iniciativa emprendedora y desarrollo local. , Barcelona: Ed. Octaedro
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ferran Boleda J.  2007.  Un viatge per la fractura digital: Mòbils, SMS, Blogs i Internet a l'Àfrica. , Lleida: Pagès Editors Abstract

Viatjant per Àfrica cal tenir els ulls ben oberts si es volen veure lleons. Però a més de mirar els animals, també es poden observar altres coses, per exemple com es veu en aquest continent la irrupció de les noves tecnologies de la informació i les comunicacions.
La suma d'aquestes observacions i l'experiència prèvia dels autors es combina en aquest llibre de viatge que pretén introduir, talment com si naveguéssim desordenadament per Internet, saltant de pàgina en pàgina i d'una forma lúdica, conceptes bàsics de les noves tecnologies, aspectes de la seva evolució a la vegada que fan una reflexió personal sobre les diferències en els seus usos i utilitats entre el nostre país i un dels països més pobres del continent africà.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2007.  ¿Qué está cambiando en la telefonía móvil? Investigación y Marketing. 97:13-15.
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Electronic Communication and Socio-Political Mobilisation: A New Form of Civil Society. Glasius, M.; Kaldor, M. i Anheier, H. (eds.): Global Civil Society 2005/6. , London: SAGE Publications
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2006.  La población internauta en España, 2005. Investigación y Marketing. 91:5-10.
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Linchuan Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Mobile Communication and Society A Global Perspective. : MIT Press Abstract

Spanish: Ed. Ariel / Fund. Telefónica, 2006 (ISBN: 978-84-344-5327-2)
Italian: Ed. Guerini e Associati, 2008 (ISBN: 978-88-8335-959-0)
Portuguese: Ed.Fund. Calouste Gulbenkian, 2009 (ISBN: 978-972-31-1297-9)
Korean: CommunicationBooks, 2009 (ISBN: 978-89-6406-020-9)

Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. Are mobile phones expressions of identity, fashionable gadgets, tools for life—or all of the above? Mobile Communication and Society looks at how the possibility of multimodal communication from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, at work, and at school, and raises broader concerns about politics and culture both global and local.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2005.  Ciudades competidoras de Viladecans en atracción de capitales de la nueva economía. Prieto, H. (ed.): La construcción de la ciudad digital. , Barcelona: Ed. Hacer