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Barrantes, R, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Ureta S.  2011.  Introducción: La comunicación móvil y el desarrollo de América Latina en el siglo XXI. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 21-40. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Barrantes, R, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2012.  Mobile Phone Use among Market Traders at Fairs in Rural Peru. Information Technologies & International Development (ITID). 8(3):35-52. Abstractbarrantescaceres_fernandezardevol_2012_itidjournal_def.pdfITID Journal

We characterize market traders at two rural fairs in Puno, Peru, based on quantitative and qualitative data gathered in 2008, to gain insight into types of traders and the information needs that influence the degree to which they use mobile phones to make decisions regarding which weekly fairs to attend. Using variables such as origin, type of goods sold, means of transportation to the market, and reliance on networks, we identify traders as full-time traders, part-time traders, or subsistence traders, that is, people trading solely to survive. We find that when traders are already familiar with the technology, regularly rely on endogenous networks to make decisions, and have more to lose from failing to trade (e.g., those selling perishable goods), they are more likely to use mobile phones to decide where to sell.

Barrantes, R, Agüero A, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2011.  La telefonía móvil en el ámbito rural: Estudio de caso en Puno, Perú. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 133-179. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Blanche Tarragó, D, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2013.  Political participation of older adults: The Iaioflautas movement in Catalonia. First UOC International Research Symposium. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2013, Dec. 18. Abstractposter_iaioflautas_dbt-mfa_web.pdfUOC Symposium 2013 Website

Originally founded in the city of Barcelona in 2011, the Iaioflautas movement ( gathers elderly activist who wish to give voice to their demands in a non-institutional organization in adhesion to the wider 15M social movement. Although there has been some research lately on the political participation of senior citizens, no study has been yet published on the case of the Iaioflautas to date.

The main goal of this research is to examine patterns of the political participation of older people in Catalonia through the Iaioflautas organization. It is of our interest to inquire into their personal political trajectory over the lifespan, their participatory experience in Iaioflautas, the role of other actors in their political activity, and – last but not least – their use of (mobile) Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).

To this end, fifteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with members of the organization in Barcelona. Interviews were carried out by the first author between July and September 2013, spanning between 1 to 3 hours. Conversations allowed gaining insights of senior activist involvement, motivations and perceptions.

Preliminary results show, first of all, that most participants acknowledge moderate shift in their participatory patterns since the 15M movement uprising. They mostly hold vast experience in political participation, combining involvement in political parties, trade unions, and voluntary organizations. Second, participants describe mid-high to very high intensity of active engagement, and their motivations coincide greatly towards societal-level interests. Third, most of them manifest annoyance of negative social stereotyping of the elders; however, they perceive positive social reward due to their political involvement and their ICT uses. Finally, they remain skeptical regarding the possibilities of ICT as an enhancement tool for political participation opportunities for older people.

Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Electronic Communication and Socio-Political Mobilisation: A New Form of Civil Society. Glasius, M.; Kaldor, M. i Anheier, H. (eds.): Global Civil Society 2005/6. , London: SAGE Publications
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Galperin H.  2011.  Síntesis de resultados y conclusiones. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 319-350. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Castells, M, Vilaseca J,(dirs.), Ammetllet G, Esteban I, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Lladós J, Rodríguez I, Torrent J, Vilaseca J.  2007.  Entorno innovador, iniciativa emprendedora y desarrollo local. , Barcelona: Ed. Octaedro
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Linchuan Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Mobile Communication and Society A Global Perspective. : MIT Press Abstract

Spanish: Ed. Ariel / Fund. Telefónica, 2006 (ISBN: 978-84-344-5327-2)
Italian: Ed. Guerini e Associati, 2008 (ISBN: 978-88-8335-959-0)
Portuguese: Ed.Fund. Calouste Gulbenkian, 2009 (ISBN: 978-972-31-1297-9)
Korean: CommunicationBooks, 2009 (ISBN: 978-89-6406-020-9)

Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. Are mobile phones expressions of identity, fashionable gadgets, tools for life—or all of the above? Mobile Communication and Society looks at how the possibility of multimodal communication from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, at work, and at school, and raises broader concerns about politics and culture both global and local.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J, Vilaseca J.  2009.  Innovative cluster, micro firms and local development in Barcelona. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. 7(2):214-231. Abstract

An entrepreneurial environment is conformed by factors that play a favourable role in the development of entrepreneurship. Economic literature on innovative milieus identifies those elements that are decisive in improving the competitive performance of companies. We analysed whether Barcelona Activa’s specific environment promotes the development of an innovative milieu which favours entrepreneurial attitudes. The results show how the combination of incubation experience, development of ICT-based innovations and cooperation considerably improve the success probability of new firms. Moreover, participation in institutional activities that strengthen commercial and social networks also improves their chances. The local agency seems to be particularly suitable for entrepreneurs with labour experience and it plays a complementary role in the framework of the wide range of university spin-off centres in the metropolitan region.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Vázquez Grenno J.  2011.  Estimación de la contribución de la telefonía móvil al crecimiento y reducción de la pobreza. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 81-131. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2014.  Mobile Phones, Restrictions and Discontinuities. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on M4D Mobile Communication for Development: M4D 2014, General Tracks. :119-130., Dakar, Senegal: Karkstad University Abstract

By means of a qualitative approach I bring insights on the relationship older people (60+) have with mobile communication in a low income district of Lima (Peru). The case study I conducted in September 2013 included interviews and one focus group with 20 inhabitants of San Juan de Miraflores district. The user / non-user dichotomous classification turned out to be too narrow in this context.
While some participants reported a common, bidirectional use of the device, restrictions and discontinuities played a role.
Some described an asymmetric use of the mobile phone, as they used it exclusively for receiving calls, while never making outgoing calls. Others described discontinuities in ownership, which was the case when their mobile was stolen and the y could not replace it immediately. My initial hypothesis is that such restrictions are related to income, skills and age.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2010.  Determinants de la competitivitat de les petites empreses i microempreses en un entorn d’innovació. , Barcelona: CTESC AbstractPhD dissertation (full text)

Our research goal is to analyze some of the factors that favor the competitiveness of small and micro companies. Specifically, we analyze the ability to improve the company competitiveness through the relationship among the productive fabric and the University and research system. The analytical question is the study of the way how companies innovate to succeed in the markets. In particular how they take profit of the surrounding resources to achieve the intermediate goal of innovation and the final goal of profitability.

We put our attention in two specific determinants of innovation which also affect business performance: first of all cooperation activities, and more generally networking with external agents; and secondly, the capabilities of the company, more precisely, its absorptive capability.

The empirical analysis is based on a survey of companies belonging to an innovative milieu, delimited and predefined, created and managed by Barcelona Activa, the local development agency created by the City Council of Barcelona.

In order to analyze the paths through which some organizational characteristics and strategies favor the company performance, we used path analysis models. Because of the fieldwork, data are cross section and mainly qualitative so we took a Bayesian approach using MCMC (Markov Chain Monte Carlo) algorithms for the estimation of the models.

The empirical results show that cooperation with universities and research centers favors both innovation and business performance in that specific non university innovative milieu.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Arroyo L.  2012.  Mobile telephony and older people: Exploring use and rejection. Interactions: Studies in Communication & Culture. 3(1):9-24. Abstract

Age is a factor that has a bearing on the adoption and use of mobile telephony. Most
of the available evidence in the field focuses on teenagers and young adults. To make
up for the lack of research on older people, we explore the distinctive characteristics
of mobile phone use among senior citizens. Our research is set in Barcelona and its
metropolitan area (Catalonia, Spain). We analyse the role played by mobile telephony
in the personal system of communication channels for a sample of seniors in this
area. The sample includes non-users of mobile phones to give a better understanding
of the motivations behind adoption and rejection. We analyse the logic regarding the
adoption, or not, of mobile phones together with some of the particular features and
how older people appropriate them. A more comprehensive analysis takes account
of the available communication channels and individuals’ combined use of different
communication channels. We also suggest classifying older users of mobile phone.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  It's not about skills. It's about resources (as always). First UOC International Research Symposium. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2013, Dec. 18. Abstractmfa_lima_poster_symp18des2013_defweb.pdfUOC Symposium 2013 website

We still need to achieve a better understanding on the role mobile communication plays in older people’s everyday life, particularly in developing contexts. Beyond the dichotomous classification of users/non-users, research questions respond to the interest for describing relationships older people have it: How do older people use mobile phones, if they do? Who do they communicate with it and why? What are their motivations for not using mobile phones? What are the effects (if any) of economic constraints?

By means of a qualitative approach I bring insights on the issue. I analyze a sample of 20 older individuals (60+) living in San Juan de Miraflores, a low-income district of Lima (Peru). Fieldwork was conducted in September 2013 as part of a wider case study. Main tools for information gathering were semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Conversations were voice recorded and thematic analysis was conducted.

Younger seniors who had been using mobile phones for a number of years described more autonomous and sophisticated uses, while only older participants reported being assisted users. Some participants had the mobile phone exclusively for receiving calls. In this, they followed instructions of the daughter or son who was in charge of the (costs of the) device. Others suffered discontinuities in ownership when their recycled device broke down or got lost. They would like to have a mobile phone in the future, but this was not a priority. Finally, some participants were not interested on having a mobile phone.

In conclusion, it is not only skills what shapes effective use of mobile telephony – as interest on the technology plays a role. Most importantly, resource limitations also affect use and stand out as a source of asymmetry. While asymmetry is common in low-income segments, there are specificities related to the position of older individuals within their families.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2010.  Household access to mobile telephony in Latin America. In Svensson, J.; Wicander, G. (eds.): Proceedings of the 2nd International conference on M4D Mobile Communication Technology for Development M4D 2010. :60-69., Kampala (Uganda): Karlstad University Abstractfernandezardevol_m4d2010_dspace.pdf

By analyzing available data on household access to mobile telephony gathered through household surveys we are able to enrich the information given by the most usual indicator on mobile diffusion, mobile subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. Household data should contribute to a better understanding and contextualization of the current research on the field. The
description is centered in Latin America and the Caribbean, where data confirm that (1) mobile telephony is the most usual bidirectional communication tool at a household level, and (2) it is better distributed among income levels than fixed phones and Internet. Finally, it seems that mobile subscriptions per 100 inhabitants cannot be used as a unique tool for estimating household mobile access.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Deliberate missed calls: A meaningful communication practice for seniors? Mobile Media & Communication. 1(3):285-298. AbstractAbstract (Journal website)


In this article I discuss the phenomenon of deliberated missed calls and their intentional use by senior mobile phone users in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). Deliberate missed calls (DMC) are made with the intention that the receiver is not to answer them. Although this multiregional and multicultural practice is described in different countries, no specific study has been carried out on its use by the older population. To address this absence, this article explores the significance of using deliberate missed calls among seniors. There are three main conclusions. First, personal abilities and external support shape the way seniors use DMC. Second, seniors may abandon, or at least redefine, the use of deliberate missed calls if they change to a flat-rate contract. Finally, the focus on an already old innovation such as DMC allows us to observe the importance of accounting for the heterogeneity of older people if we are to properly analyze their mobile communication practices.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2007.  ¿Qué está cambiando en la telefonía móvil? Investigación y Marketing. 97:13-15.
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2012.  Missed Calls: Barcelona and Los Angeles compared. Technology & Emerging Media Track – Annual Conference of the Canadian Communication Association (Waterloo, May 30 -June 1, 2012). , Watterloo, Ontario: Canadian Communication Association AbstractAccess PDF

I discuss the phenomenon of missed calls and their intentional use by older mobile phone users in two different locations: Barcelona and Los Angeles. Deliberate missed calls (DMC) are made, with the intention that the receiver is not to answer them. They appeared as an innovative, low-cost communication practice. They constitute a limited form of communication, compared to voice calls, as there is no feedback from the receiver and, therefore, more uncertainty is involved. While youth, teenagers and children have been the main focus of scholarly attention in this field in developed countries, few studies have focused on elders. To address this absence, this paper explores the use of missed calls amongst senior individuals (60 years old and over). I describe the main purpose of this practice, the context in which it is used and the motivations for using it. The main conclusion is that elders communicate by means of missed calls if younger generations in their society do.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2011.  Interactions with and through Mobile Phones: What about the Elderly Population? Wi: Journal of Mobile Media. Spring 2011 Abstractfernandezardevol_2011.pdfWi Journal (full text)

This paper explores the distinctive characteristics of mobile telephone use among the elderly population using the most recent European country-level data on individual use of mobile telephony and advanced mobile services, Eurostat 2008. Through a cluster analysis of mobile phone use data across 30 countries, it is possible to confirm that mobile telephone occupies a peripheral position for the elderly in Europe.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2005.  Ciudades competidoras de Viladecans en atracción de capitales de la nueva economía. Prieto, H. (ed.): La construcción de la ciudad digital. , Barcelona: Ed. Hacer
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Molinari A, Vázquez Grenno J.  2011.  Contexto socioeconómico y difusión de las TIC en América Latina. in Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 41-80. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ros Híjar A,(eds.).  2009.  Communication Technologies in Latin America and Africa: A multidisciplinary perspective. , Barcelona: IN3 - UOC AbstractFull publication


Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Section 1. Shaping the economic sphere

1.- Mobile-based livelihood services in Africa: pilots and early deployments
Jonathan Donner

2.- Mobile phones as a tool in the household production process Evidence from Puno, Peru
Roxana Barrantes

3.- Mobile opportunities: Poverty and Mobile Telephony in Latin America and the Caribbean. The case of Mexico
Judith Mariscal

4.- Broadband Internet access in developing countries: Universal service provision and pricing schemes
Carlos Gutiérrez Hita & Juana Aznar Márquez

Section 2. Shaping communicative practices

5.- Managing the cost of mobile communication in Ghana
Araba Sey

6.- Africa connects: Mobile communication and social change in the margins of African society. The example of the
Bamenda Grassfields, Cameroon
Mirjam de Bruijn

7.- From “lands at the end of the earth” to “lands of progress”? Communication and mobility in South-Eastern Angola
Inge Brinkman & Silvia Alessi

8.- Imagined connectivity, poetic text-messaging and appropriation in Sudan
Siri Lamoureaux

Section 3. Shaping migratory cultures

9.- Connectivity, Migration and Socio-Economic Development with a focus on the Maghreb
Ivan Ureta

10.- ICTs in Senegal: between migration culture and socio-cultural and politico-economic positioning
Aly Tandian

11.- Moving and mediating: a mobile view on sub-Saharan African migration towards Europe
Joris Schapendonk

12.- ICT and codeveloppement between Catalonia and Senegal (French)
Papa Sow & Rosnert Ludovic Alissoutin

13.- Can the diaspora contribute to the development of their home countries?
Ana M. González Ramos, Jörg Müller & Milagros Sáinz Ibáñez

Summing up
Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Galperin H, Castells M,(dirs.).  2011.  Comunciación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2010.  Determinants of science-based cooperation: evidence in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 11th Management International Conference.. :24–27., Ankara (Turkey) Abstract

We study the determinants of science-based cooperation in the case of small and micro firms. We propose an analytical framework based on the resource-based view of the firm. We identify a set of organisational characteristics, which we classify as internal, external and structural factors. Each factor can be linked to at least one reason, from the firm’s point of view, to cooperate with universities and public research centres. Each reason can in turn be used as an indicator of a firm’s organisational needs or organisational capacities. In order to validate the theoretical model, we estimate a logistic regression that models the propensity to participate in science-based cooperation activities within a sample of 285 small and micro firms.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ivan L.  2013.  Older people and mobile communication in two European contexts. Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations. 15(3):83-98. AbstractFull text

We analyze the relationships seniors have with mobile communications in two different European contexts, Romania and Catalonia. By means of a qualitative approach, we describe the ways older individuals incorporate mobile phones in everyday life communication practices, and the motivations supporting these decisions.

To understand motivations for using a given communication device –as the mobile phone– we took into account the channels individual has access to; individual’s personal interest on using available devices in everyday communications; the location of the members of the individual’s personal network; and the pricing system that determines the cost of mediated communication.

The empirical analysis is based on two case studies conducted in Romania and in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia) in different moments, between 2010 and 2012. Participants were 60 years old or over. Information was gathered by means of semi-structured interviews that were recorded and transcribed, while a common methodological design allows an enriched insight. Besides gender, we take into account heterogeneity of ageing for a more nuanced analysis.

This paper constitutes the first step in the exploration of common trends in the relationship seniors have with mobile communication in different European countries.