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B
Barrantes, R, Agüero A, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2011.  La telefonía móvil en el ámbito rural: Estudio de caso en Puno, Perú. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 133-179. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Barrantes, R, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Ureta S.  2011.  Introducción: La comunicación móvil y el desarrollo de América Latina en el siglo XXI. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 21-40. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Barrantes, R, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2012.  Mobile Phone Use among Market Traders at Fairs in Rural Peru. Information Technologies & International Development (ITID). 8(3):35-52. Abstractbarrantescaceres_fernandezardevol_2012_itidjournal_def.pdfITID Journal

We characterize market traders at two rural fairs in Puno, Peru, based on quantitative and qualitative data gathered in 2008, to gain insight into types of traders and the information needs that influence the degree to which they use mobile phones to make decisions regarding which weekly fairs to attend. Using variables such as origin, type of goods sold, means of transportation to the market, and reliance on networks, we identify traders as full-time traders, part-time traders, or subsistence traders, that is, people trading solely to survive. We find that when traders are already familiar with the technology, regularly rely on endogenous networks to make decisions, and have more to lose from failing to trade (e.g., those selling perishable goods), they are more likely to use mobile phones to decide where to sell.

Blanche Tarragó, D, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2013.  Political participation of older adults: The Iaioflautas movement in Catalonia. First UOC International Research Symposium. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2013, Dec. 18. Abstractposter_iaioflautas_dbt-mfa_web.pdfUOC Symposium 2013 Website

Originally founded in the city of Barcelona in 2011, the Iaioflautas movement (www.iaioflautas.org) gathers elderly activist who wish to give voice to their demands in a non-institutional organization in adhesion to the wider 15M social movement. Although there has been some research lately on the political participation of senior citizens, no study has been yet published on the case of the Iaioflautas to date.

The main goal of this research is to examine patterns of the political participation of older people in Catalonia through the Iaioflautas organization. It is of our interest to inquire into their personal political trajectory over the lifespan, their participatory experience in Iaioflautas, the role of other actors in their political activity, and – last but not least – their use of (mobile) Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).

To this end, fifteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with members of the organization in Barcelona. Interviews were carried out by the first author between July and September 2013, spanning between 1 to 3 hours. Conversations allowed gaining insights of senior activist involvement, motivations and perceptions.

Preliminary results show, first of all, that most participants acknowledge moderate shift in their participatory patterns since the 15M movement uprising. They mostly hold vast experience in political participation, combining involvement in political parties, trade unions, and voluntary organizations. Second, participants describe mid-high to very high intensity of active engagement, and their motivations coincide greatly towards societal-level interests. Third, most of them manifest annoyance of negative social stereotyping of the elders; however, they perceive positive social reward due to their political involvement and their ICT uses. Finally, they remain skeptical regarding the possibilities of ICT as an enhancement tool for political participation opportunities for older people.

C
Castells, M, Vilaseca J,(dirs.), Ammetllet G, Esteban I, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Lladós J, Rodríguez I, Torrent J, Vilaseca J.  2007.  Entorno innovador, iniciativa emprendedora y desarrollo local. , Barcelona: Ed. Octaedro
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Linchuan Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Mobile Communication and Society A Global Perspective. : MIT Press Abstract

Translations
Spanish: Ed. Ariel / Fund. Telefónica, 2006 (ISBN: 978-84-344-5327-2)
Italian: Ed. Guerini e Associati, 2008 (ISBN: 978-88-8335-959-0)
Portuguese: Ed.Fund. Calouste Gulbenkian, 2009 (ISBN: 978-972-31-1297-9)
Korean: CommunicationBooks, 2009 (ISBN: 978-89-6406-020-9)

Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. Are mobile phones expressions of identity, fashionable gadgets, tools for life—or all of the above? Mobile Communication and Society looks at how the possibility of multimodal communication from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, at work, and at school, and raises broader concerns about politics and culture both global and local.

Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Electronic Communication and Socio-Political Mobilisation: A New Form of Civil Society. Glasius, M.; Kaldor, M. i Anheier, H. (eds.): Global Civil Society 2005/6. , London: SAGE Publications
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Galperin H.  2011.  Síntesis de resultados y conclusiones. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 319-350. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
F
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Barrantes R, Agüero A.  2013.  Mobile Telephony in Rural Areas: A Case Study in Puno, Peru. Bruck and Rao, M. (eds.): Global Mobile: Applications and Innovations for the Worldwide Mobile Ecosystem . : Information Today, Inc Abstract

This in-depth case study provides insights into the value and impacts of mobile communication in rural areas, particularly among impoverished communities. In the rural areas of Puno, Peru, mobile phone usage was tracked among producers, traders, veterinary technicians, and young students. Prepaid subscription was the most common payment option, and sharing of mobile phones was not unusual. Mobiles were used for sharing social and business information, micro-coordination of activities, market expansion, and planning of livestock operations. Youth tended to use high-end phones for offline entertainment (games, music), and not for voice communication. The authors recommend that industry and government work together to make mobiles more affordable and network coverage more extensive.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2011.  Mobile Phones in a Retirement Home: Strategic Tools for Mediated Communication. In: El-Qawasmeh, E., Zain, J., Cherifi, H. DICTAP 2011, Part I, Communications in Computer and Information Science series. :395-406., Dijon Abstract

By means of a case study we explore how the residents of a retirement home use mobile telephony. This is part of wider research on mobile communication among the elderly population in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). A qualitative approach, based on semi-structured interviews, allows the exploration of social perceptions, representations and use of the technology to better understand the processes in operation here. We analyze the position that mobile telephony occupies in the personal system of communication channels (PSCC) and we observe that the mobile phone has
become a central channel and a strategic tool for seniors who have moved from their private household to a retirement home, while intensity of telephony use is kept low. Taking into account the available evidence on mobile appropriation in the golden age, the first results of the case study are presented and discussed here.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2011.  Determinants of Science-Based Cooperation: Evidence in a Sample of Small and Micro Firms. Managing Global Transitions. 9(4):319-333. AbstractMGTI Journal (full paper)

We study the determining factors of science-based cooperation in the case of small and micro firms. In this research, we propose an analytical framework based on the resource-based view of the firm and we identify a set of organisational characteristics, which we classify as internal, external and structural factors. Each factor can be linked to at least one reason, from the firm’s point of view, to cooperate with universities and public research centres. Each reason can, in turn, be used as an indicator of a firm’s organisational needs or organisational capacities. In order to validate the theoretical model, we estimate a logistic regression that models the propensity to participate in science-based cooperation activities within a sample of 285 small and micro firms located in Barcelona. The results show the key role played by the absorptive capacity of new and small companies.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2012.  Jóvenes y prácticas comunicativas: Más allá de los datos estadísticos [Youth and communication practices: beyond statistic data]. In Pérez, L.; Nuez, C.; del Pozo, J. (coord.): Tecnologías de la Comunicación, Jóvenes y promoción de la salud. , Logroño: Gobierno de la Riojafernandez-ardevol_drojnet2012_p12-27.pdf
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Daba-Buzoianu C, Ivan L.  2013.  Qualitative Research in Communication. Introductory remarks. Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations. 15(3):9-10. AbstractFull text

Introduction to the special issue of the journal, that gathers a selection of papers presented at the International Conference “Qualitative Research in Communication” celebrated in October 3-4, 2013 at the National University of Political Studies and Public Administration in Bucharest (Romania).

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Personas adultas mayores y comunicación móvil: La importancia de la voz y los SMS en Montevideo. Revista de Ciencias Sociales. 26(33):97-120. Abstractfull textFull_volume

Todavía sabemos poco sobre las formas de adopción, o rechazo, de la comunicación móvil por parte de las personas adultas mayores. ¿De qué manera utilizan la telefonía móvil? ¿Cuáles son los motivos de rechazo de este tipo de telefonía, si los hay?
Discutimos los resultados de un caso de estudio cualitativo con personas adultas mayores (60 años o más), desarrollado en el área metropolitana de Montevideo en 2012. Los y las participantes valoran la conectividad permanente que brinda el teléfono móvil. Lo utilizan en combinación con otros canales, como el teléfono fijo, para una diversidad de objetivos y con diferentes interlocutores. Además de las llamadas de voz, los SMS son de uso habitual. Entre los no usuarios encontramos tanto el discurso del rechazo como el de la indiferencia hacia el celular. Finalmente, todos los usuarios de Internet son, también, usuarios de teléfono celular.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2009.  Science-based cooperation and business success: Transmittal mechanisms in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 10th Management International Conference. :pp-pp., Sousse (Tunisia) Abstractmic2010-fernandezardevol.pdf

Available evidence states that cooperation with universities and research centers improves companies’ competitiveness. But a firm needs some abilities to take profit of these interactions. In this sense, absorptive capacity (Cohen and Levinthal 1989/90) determines the ability - and the interest- of firms to cooperate with universities. The goal of this research is to deepen our knowledge about the firm internal transmittal mechanisms operating form scientific based cooperation to business success through innovation. The empirical analysis is based on a unique sample of 285 small and micro firms of Barcelona, mostly youth. We use path analysis techniques under a Bayesian approach. To properly deal with the qualitative nature of most of the variables, estimation is based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Considering innovation both as a process and a result, we are able to verify that this is a necessary intermediate step for business success. However, this is not the unique channel in operation. Finally, we also observe the importance of scientific based cooperation among a sample of firms that belong to a context not directly related to universities.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Exploring the use of mobile communications in a retirement home in Toronto: Preliminary results. IN3 WP Series. WP12-006:29p. Abstractfull-text.pdfIN3 WP12

This paper describes preliminary results
of a qualitative case study on mobile
communication conducted in an elders’ retire
ment home in Toronto (Ontario, Canada)
in May 2012. This is part of an international research project on the relationship
between mobile communications and older people.
Secondary data at a Canadian level contex
tualizes the case study. We focus on
demographic characteristics and on adoption and use of information and
communication technologies (ICTs) broken by age.
Participants in the study (21 individuals) ar
e between 75 and 98 years of age, therefore
we can consider that the
gathered evidence refers to the ‘old’ older. Mobile phone
users in the sample describe very specific uses of the mobile phone, while non-users
report not facing external pressures for adopt
ing that technology. The main channel for
mediated communication is the landline; in consequences mobile phones –when
used– constitute an extra layer of comm
unication. Finally, when members of the
personal network of the individuals live abroad
they are more prone to use Internet and
Skype. We are also able to find ex-users of both mobile telephony and
computers/internet who stopped using thes
e technologies because they did not find
any use for them.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ferran Boleda J.  2007.  Un viatge per la fractura digital: Mòbils, SMS, Blogs i Internet a l'Àfrica. , Lleida: Pagès Editors Abstract

Viatjant per Àfrica cal tenir els ulls ben oberts si es volen veure lleons. Però a més de mirar els animals, també es poden observar altres coses, per exemple com es veu en aquest continent la irrupció de les noves tecnologies de la informació i les comunicacions.
La suma d'aquestes observacions i l'experiència prèvia dels autors es combina en aquest llibre de viatge que pretén introduir, talment com si naveguéssim desordenadament per Internet, saltant de pàgina en pàgina i d'una forma lúdica, conceptes bàsics de les noves tecnologies, aspectes de la seva evolució a la vegada que fan una reflexió personal sobre les diferències en els seus usos i utilitats entre el nostre país i un dels països més pobres del continent africà.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2012.  Older population and mobile communication in Los Angeles. Preliminary results of a case study. IN3 Working Paper Series. 2012:1-26. AbstractAccess PDF

This paper introduces a qualitative case study on mobile communication among the older population (60+ years old) conducted in Great Los Angeles (CA, USA) in autumn 2011. Methodology, fieldwork and preliminary results are discussed. Before, country-level data is presented to better understand the specific characteristics of the studied individuals. The section focus is on demographics and on acceptance and use of information and communication technologies (ICT). Preliminary results show that within the sample under study (20 individuals) there is a high number of mobile phone users (15) while among non-mobile users (5), three of them decide to stop using this technology. A majority of mobile phone adopters describe a very limited use of the device for everyday life communications. Finally, while Internet is really popular within the sample (14 users), just 3 individuals go online through their mobile telephone.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2011.  Mobile Telephony among the Elders: first results of a qualitative approach. In: Isaías, P., Kommers, P. Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference e-Society 2011. :435-438., Lisbon: IADIS (International Association for Development of the Information Society) Abstract

By means of a qualitative approach we analyze the processes of adoption of mobile telephony within a sample of senior
individuals living in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). First results of an ongoing research allow us
to discuss the position mobile devices occupy within their personal system of communication channels and to indentify
different ways of appropriation and use.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J, Vilaseca J.  2009.  Innovative cluster, micro firms and local development in Barcelona. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. 7(2):214-231. Abstract

An entrepreneurial environment is conformed by factors that play a favourable role in the development of entrepreneurship. Economic literature on innovative milieus identifies those elements that are decisive in improving the competitive performance of companies. We analysed whether Barcelona Activa’s specific environment promotes the development of an innovative milieu which favours entrepreneurial attitudes. The results show how the combination of incubation experience, development of ICT-based innovations and cooperation considerably improve the success probability of new firms. Moreover, participation in institutional activities that strengthen commercial and social networks also improves their chances. The local agency seems to be particularly suitable for entrepreneurs with labour experience and it plays a complementary role in the framework of the wide range of university spin-off centres in the metropolitan region.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Vázquez Grenno J.  2011.  Estimación de la contribución de la telefonía móvil al crecimiento y reducción de la pobreza. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 81-131. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2014.  Mobile Phones, Restrictions and Discontinuities. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on M4D Mobile Communication for Development: M4D 2014, General Tracks. :119-130., Dakar, Senegal: Karkstad University Abstract

By means of a qualitative approach I bring insights on the relationship older people (60+) have with mobile communication in a low income district of Lima (Peru). The case study I conducted in September 2013 included interviews and one focus group with 20 inhabitants of San Juan de Miraflores district. The user / non-user dichotomous classification turned out to be too narrow in this context.
While some participants reported a common, bidirectional use of the device, restrictions and discontinuities played a role.
Some described an asymmetric use of the mobile phone, as they used it exclusively for receiving calls, while never making outgoing calls. Others described discontinuities in ownership, which was the case when their mobile was stolen and the y could not replace it immediately. My initial hypothesis is that such restrictions are related to income, skills and age.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  It's not about skills. It's about resources (as always). First UOC International Research Symposium. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2013, Dec. 18. Abstractmfa_lima_poster_symp18des2013_defweb.pdfUOC Symposium 2013 website

We still need to achieve a better understanding on the role mobile communication plays in older people’s everyday life, particularly in developing contexts. Beyond the dichotomous classification of users/non-users, research questions respond to the interest for describing relationships older people have it: How do older people use mobile phones, if they do? Who do they communicate with it and why? What are their motivations for not using mobile phones? What are the effects (if any) of economic constraints?

By means of a qualitative approach I bring insights on the issue. I analyze a sample of 20 older individuals (60+) living in San Juan de Miraflores, a low-income district of Lima (Peru). Fieldwork was conducted in September 2013 as part of a wider case study. Main tools for information gathering were semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Conversations were voice recorded and thematic analysis was conducted.

Younger seniors who had been using mobile phones for a number of years described more autonomous and sophisticated uses, while only older participants reported being assisted users. Some participants had the mobile phone exclusively for receiving calls. In this, they followed instructions of the daughter or son who was in charge of the (costs of the) device. Others suffered discontinuities in ownership when their recycled device broke down or got lost. They would like to have a mobile phone in the future, but this was not a priority. Finally, some participants were not interested on having a mobile phone.

In conclusion, it is not only skills what shapes effective use of mobile telephony – as interest on the technology plays a role. Most importantly, resource limitations also affect use and stand out as a source of asymmetry. While asymmetry is common in low-income segments, there are specificities related to the position of older individuals within their families.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2010.  Determinants de la competitivitat de les petites empreses i microempreses en un entorn d’innovació. , Barcelona: CTESC AbstractPhD dissertation (full text)

Our research goal is to analyze some of the factors that favor the competitiveness of small and micro companies. Specifically, we analyze the ability to improve the company competitiveness through the relationship among the productive fabric and the University and research system. The analytical question is the study of the way how companies innovate to succeed in the markets. In particular how they take profit of the surrounding resources to achieve the intermediate goal of innovation and the final goal of profitability.

We put our attention in two specific determinants of innovation which also affect business performance: first of all cooperation activities, and more generally networking with external agents; and secondly, the capabilities of the company, more precisely, its absorptive capability.

The empirical analysis is based on a survey of companies belonging to an innovative milieu, delimited and predefined, created and managed by Barcelona Activa, the local development agency created by the City Council of Barcelona.

In order to analyze the paths through which some organizational characteristics and strategies favor the company performance, we used path analysis models. Because of the fieldwork, data are cross section and mainly qualitative so we took a Bayesian approach using MCMC (Markov Chain Monte Carlo) algorithms for the estimation of the models.

The empirical results show that cooperation with universities and research centers favors both innovation and business performance in that specific non university innovative milieu.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Arroyo L.  2012.  Mobile telephony and older people: Exploring use and rejection. Interactions: Studies in Communication & Culture. 3(1):9-24. Abstract

Age is a factor that has a bearing on the adoption and use of mobile telephony. Most
of the available evidence in the field focuses on teenagers and young adults. To make
up for the lack of research on older people, we explore the distinctive characteristics
of mobile phone use among senior citizens. Our research is set in Barcelona and its
metropolitan area (Catalonia, Spain). We analyse the role played by mobile telephony
in the personal system of communication channels for a sample of seniors in this
area. The sample includes non-users of mobile phones to give a better understanding
of the motivations behind adoption and rejection. We analyse the logic regarding the
adoption, or not, of mobile phones together with some of the particular features and
how older people appropriate them. A more comprehensive analysis takes account
of the available communication channels and individuals’ combined use of different
communication channels. We also suggest classifying older users of mobile phone.