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Barrantes, R, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2012.  Mobile Phone Use among Market Traders at Fairs in Rural Peru. Information Technologies & International Development (ITID). 8(3):35-52. Abstractbarrantescaceres_fernandezardevol_2012_itidjournal_def.pdfITID Journal

We characterize market traders at two rural fairs in Puno, Peru, based on quantitative and qualitative data gathered in 2008, to gain insight into types of traders and the information needs that influence the degree to which they use mobile phones to make decisions regarding which weekly fairs to attend. Using variables such as origin, type of goods sold, means of transportation to the market, and reliance on networks, we identify traders as full-time traders, part-time traders, or subsistence traders, that is, people trading solely to survive. We find that when traders are already familiar with the technology, regularly rely on endogenous networks to make decisions, and have more to lose from failing to trade (e.g., those selling perishable goods), they are more likely to use mobile phones to decide where to sell.

Barrantes, R, Agüero A, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2011.  La telefonía móvil en el ámbito rural: Estudio de caso en Puno, Perú. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 133-179. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Barrantes, R, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Ureta S.  2011.  Introducción: La comunicación móvil y el desarrollo de América Latina en el siglo XXI. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 21-40. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Blanche Tarragó, D, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2013.  Political participation of older adults: The Iaioflautas movement in Catalonia. First UOC International Research Symposium. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2013, Dec. 18. Abstractposter_iaioflautas_dbt-mfa_web.pdfUOC Symposium 2013 Website

Originally founded in the city of Barcelona in 2011, the Iaioflautas movement ( gathers elderly activist who wish to give voice to their demands in a non-institutional organization in adhesion to the wider 15M social movement. Although there has been some research lately on the political participation of senior citizens, no study has been yet published on the case of the Iaioflautas to date.

The main goal of this research is to examine patterns of the political participation of older people in Catalonia through the Iaioflautas organization. It is of our interest to inquire into their personal political trajectory over the lifespan, their participatory experience in Iaioflautas, the role of other actors in their political activity, and – last but not least – their use of (mobile) Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).

To this end, fifteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with members of the organization in Barcelona. Interviews were carried out by the first author between July and September 2013, spanning between 1 to 3 hours. Conversations allowed gaining insights of senior activist involvement, motivations and perceptions.

Preliminary results show, first of all, that most participants acknowledge moderate shift in their participatory patterns since the 15M movement uprising. They mostly hold vast experience in political participation, combining involvement in political parties, trade unions, and voluntary organizations. Second, participants describe mid-high to very high intensity of active engagement, and their motivations coincide greatly towards societal-level interests. Third, most of them manifest annoyance of negative social stereotyping of the elders; however, they perceive positive social reward due to their political involvement and their ICT uses. Finally, they remain skeptical regarding the possibilities of ICT as an enhancement tool for political participation opportunities for older people.

Castells, M, Vilaseca J,(dirs.), Ammetllet G, Esteban I, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Lladós J, Rodríguez I, Torrent J, Vilaseca J.  2007.  Entorno innovador, iniciativa emprendedora y desarrollo local. , Barcelona: Ed. Octaedro
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Linchuan Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Mobile Communication and Society A Global Perspective. : MIT Press Abstract

Spanish: Ed. Ariel / Fund. Telefónica, 2006 (ISBN: 978-84-344-5327-2)
Italian: Ed. Guerini e Associati, 2008 (ISBN: 978-88-8335-959-0)
Portuguese: Ed.Fund. Calouste Gulbenkian, 2009 (ISBN: 978-972-31-1297-9)
Korean: CommunicationBooks, 2009 (ISBN: 978-89-6406-020-9)

Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. Are mobile phones expressions of identity, fashionable gadgets, tools for life—or all of the above? Mobile Communication and Society looks at how the possibility of multimodal communication from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, at work, and at school, and raises broader concerns about politics and culture both global and local.

Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Electronic Communication and Socio-Political Mobilisation: A New Form of Civil Society. Glasius, M.; Kaldor, M. i Anheier, H. (eds.): Global Civil Society 2005/6. , London: SAGE Publications
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Galperin H.  2011.  Síntesis de resultados y conclusiones. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 319-350. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2005.  Ciudades competidoras de Viladecans en atracción de capitales de la nueva economía. Prieto, H. (ed.): La construcción de la ciudad digital. , Barcelona: Ed. Hacer
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Molinari A, Vázquez Grenno J.  2011.  Contexto socioeconómico y difusión de las TIC en América Latina. in Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 41-80. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ros Híjar A,(eds.).  2009.  Communication Technologies in Latin America and Africa: A multidisciplinary perspective. , Barcelona: IN3 - UOC AbstractFull publication


Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Section 1. Shaping the economic sphere

1.- Mobile-based livelihood services in Africa: pilots and early deployments
Jonathan Donner

2.- Mobile phones as a tool in the household production process Evidence from Puno, Peru
Roxana Barrantes

3.- Mobile opportunities: Poverty and Mobile Telephony in Latin America and the Caribbean. The case of Mexico
Judith Mariscal

4.- Broadband Internet access in developing countries: Universal service provision and pricing schemes
Carlos Gutiérrez Hita & Juana Aznar Márquez

Section 2. Shaping communicative practices

5.- Managing the cost of mobile communication in Ghana
Araba Sey

6.- Africa connects: Mobile communication and social change in the margins of African society. The example of the
Bamenda Grassfields, Cameroon
Mirjam de Bruijn

7.- From “lands at the end of the earth” to “lands of progress”? Communication and mobility in South-Eastern Angola
Inge Brinkman & Silvia Alessi

8.- Imagined connectivity, poetic text-messaging and appropriation in Sudan
Siri Lamoureaux

Section 3. Shaping migratory cultures

9.- Connectivity, Migration and Socio-Economic Development with a focus on the Maghreb
Ivan Ureta

10.- ICTs in Senegal: between migration culture and socio-cultural and politico-economic positioning
Aly Tandian

11.- Moving and mediating: a mobile view on sub-Saharan African migration towards Europe
Joris Schapendonk

12.- ICT and codeveloppement between Catalonia and Senegal (French)
Papa Sow & Rosnert Ludovic Alissoutin

13.- Can the diaspora contribute to the development of their home countries?
Ana M. González Ramos, Jörg Müller & Milagros Sáinz Ibáñez

Summing up
Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Galperin H, Castells M,(dirs.).  2011.  Comunciación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2010.  Determinants of science-based cooperation: evidence in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 11th Management International Conference.. :24–27., Ankara (Turkey) Abstract

We study the determinants of science-based cooperation in the case of small and micro firms. We propose an analytical framework based on the resource-based view of the firm. We identify a set of organisational characteristics, which we classify as internal, external and structural factors. Each factor can be linked to at least one reason, from the firm’s point of view, to cooperate with universities and public research centres. Each reason can in turn be used as an indicator of a firm’s organisational needs or organisational capacities. In order to validate the theoretical model, we estimate a logistic regression that models the propensity to participate in science-based cooperation activities within a sample of 285 small and micro firms.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ivan L.  2013.  Older people and mobile communication in two European contexts. Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations. 15(3):83-98. AbstractFull text

We analyze the relationships seniors have with mobile communications in two different European contexts, Romania and Catalonia. By means of a qualitative approach, we describe the ways older individuals incorporate mobile phones in everyday life communication practices, and the motivations supporting these decisions.

To understand motivations for using a given communication device –as the mobile phone– we took into account the channels individual has access to; individual’s personal interest on using available devices in everyday communications; the location of the members of the individual’s personal network; and the pricing system that determines the cost of mediated communication.

The empirical analysis is based on two case studies conducted in Romania and in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia) in different moments, between 2010 and 2012. Participants were 60 years old or over. Information was gathered by means of semi-structured interviews that were recorded and transcribed, while a common methodological design allows an enriched insight. Besides gender, we take into account heterogeneity of ageing for a more nuanced analysis.

This paper constitutes the first step in the exploration of common trends in the relationship seniors have with mobile communication in different European countries.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2006.  La población internauta en España, 2005. Investigación y Marketing. 91:5-10.
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Older people and mobile communication: a case study in Montevideo (Uruguay). Preliminary results. IN3 Working Paper Series. WP13-001:28p. Abstractfull-text.pdfIN3 WP Series

This paper continues the series of case studies on mobile communication and older people in different cities. We present here the preliminary results of a case study of Montevideo (Uruguay), conducted in June 2012.
The paper discusses methodology, fieldwork and selected results. To facilitate result interpretation, contextualizing them, a first section discusses a set of secondary data on Uruguay regarding its demographic structure and the possession and use of information and communication technologies (ICT).
With ages ranging between 64 and 75 years old, all the participants lived in their own homes in the metropolitan area of Montevideo. Regarding mobile users (13), we discuss texting, mobile phone use while driving, and the role of the mobile phone at home. Regarding non-users (2), we analyze their profiles and their motivations. We also consider the relationship with Internet and computers (11 participants use them, while 4 do no). The paper ends with the section on discussion and conclusion.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2011.  Mobile Phones in a Retirement Home: Strategic Tools for Mediated Communication. In: El-Qawasmeh, E., Zain, J., Cherifi, H. DICTAP 2011, Part I, Communications in Computer and Information Science series. :395-406., Dijon Abstract

By means of a case study we explore how the residents of a retirement home use mobile telephony. This is part of wider research on mobile communication among the elderly population in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). A qualitative approach, based on semi-structured interviews, allows the exploration of social perceptions, representations and use of the technology to better understand the processes in operation here. We analyze the position that mobile telephony occupies in the personal system of communication channels (PSCC) and we observe that the mobile phone has
become a central channel and a strategic tool for seniors who have moved from their private household to a retirement home, while intensity of telephony use is kept low. Taking into account the available evidence on mobile appropriation in the golden age, the first results of the case study are presented and discussed here.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Barrantes R, Agüero A.  2013.  Mobile Telephony in Rural Areas: A Case Study in Puno, Peru. Bruck and Rao, M. (eds.): Global Mobile: Applications and Innovations for the Worldwide Mobile Ecosystem . : Information Today, Inc Abstract

This in-depth case study provides insights into the value and impacts of mobile communication in rural areas, particularly among impoverished communities. In the rural areas of Puno, Peru, mobile phone usage was tracked among producers, traders, veterinary technicians, and young students. Prepaid subscription was the most common payment option, and sharing of mobile phones was not unusual. Mobiles were used for sharing social and business information, micro-coordination of activities, market expansion, and planning of livestock operations. Youth tended to use high-end phones for offline entertainment (games, music), and not for voice communication. The authors recommend that industry and government work together to make mobiles more affordable and network coverage more extensive.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2011.  Determinants of Science-Based Cooperation: Evidence in a Sample of Small and Micro Firms. Managing Global Transitions. 9(4):319-333. AbstractMGTI Journal (full paper)

We study the determining factors of science-based cooperation in the case of small and micro firms. In this research, we propose an analytical framework based on the resource-based view of the firm and we identify a set of organisational characteristics, which we classify as internal, external and structural factors. Each factor can be linked to at least one reason, from the firm’s point of view, to cooperate with universities and public research centres. Each reason can, in turn, be used as an indicator of a firm’s organisational needs or organisational capacities. In order to validate the theoretical model, we estimate a logistic regression that models the propensity to participate in science-based cooperation activities within a sample of 285 small and micro firms located in Barcelona. The results show the key role played by the absorptive capacity of new and small companies.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2012.  Jóvenes y prácticas comunicativas: Más allá de los datos estadísticos [Youth and communication practices: beyond statistic data]. In Pérez, L.; Nuez, C.; del Pozo, J. (coord.): Tecnologías de la Comunicación, Jóvenes y promoción de la salud. , Logroño: Gobierno de la Riojafernandez-ardevol_drojnet2012_p12-27.pdf
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Daba-Buzoianu C, Ivan L.  2013.  Qualitative Research in Communication. Introductory remarks. Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations. 15(3):9-10. AbstractFull text

Introduction to the special issue of the journal, that gathers a selection of papers presented at the International Conference “Qualitative Research in Communication” celebrated in October 3-4, 2013 at the National University of Political Studies and Public Administration in Bucharest (Romania).

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2009.  Science-based cooperation and business success: Transmittal mechanisms in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 10th Management International Conference. :pp-pp., Sousse (Tunisia) Abstractmic2010-fernandezardevol.pdf

Available evidence states that cooperation with universities and research centers improves companies’ competitiveness. But a firm needs some abilities to take profit of these interactions. In this sense, absorptive capacity (Cohen and Levinthal 1989/90) determines the ability - and the interest- of firms to cooperate with universities. The goal of this research is to deepen our knowledge about the firm internal transmittal mechanisms operating form scientific based cooperation to business success through innovation. The empirical analysis is based on a unique sample of 285 small and micro firms of Barcelona, mostly youth. We use path analysis techniques under a Bayesian approach. To properly deal with the qualitative nature of most of the variables, estimation is based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Considering innovation both as a process and a result, we are able to verify that this is a necessary intermediate step for business success. However, this is not the unique channel in operation. Finally, we also observe the importance of scientific based cooperation among a sample of firms that belong to a context not directly related to universities.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Personas adultas mayores y comunicación móvil: La importancia de la voz y los SMS en Montevideo. Revista de Ciencias Sociales. 26(33):97-120. Abstractfull textFull_volume

Todavía sabemos poco sobre las formas de adopción, o rechazo, de la comunicación móvil por parte de las personas adultas mayores. ¿De qué manera utilizan la telefonía móvil? ¿Cuáles son los motivos de rechazo de este tipo de telefonía, si los hay?
Discutimos los resultados de un caso de estudio cualitativo con personas adultas mayores (60 años o más), desarrollado en el área metropolitana de Montevideo en 2012. Los y las participantes valoran la conectividad permanente que brinda el teléfono móvil. Lo utilizan en combinación con otros canales, como el teléfono fijo, para una diversidad de objetivos y con diferentes interlocutores. Además de las llamadas de voz, los SMS son de uso habitual. Entre los no usuarios encontramos tanto el discurso del rechazo como el de la indiferencia hacia el celular. Finalmente, todos los usuarios de Internet son, también, usuarios de teléfono celular.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ferran Boleda J.  2007.  Un viatge per la fractura digital: Mòbils, SMS, Blogs i Internet a l'Àfrica. , Lleida: Pagès Editors Abstract

Viatjant per Àfrica cal tenir els ulls ben oberts si es volen veure lleons. Però a més de mirar els animals, també es poden observar altres coses, per exemple com es veu en aquest continent la irrupció de les noves tecnologies de la informació i les comunicacions.
La suma d'aquestes observacions i l'experiència prèvia dels autors es combina en aquest llibre de viatge que pretén introduir, talment com si naveguéssim desordenadament per Internet, saltant de pàgina en pàgina i d'una forma lúdica, conceptes bàsics de les noves tecnologies, aspectes de la seva evolució a la vegada que fan una reflexió personal sobre les diferències en els seus usos i utilitats entre el nostre país i un dels països més pobres del continent africà.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Exploring the use of mobile communications in a retirement home in Toronto: Preliminary results. IN3 WP Series. WP12-006:29p. Abstractfull-text.pdfIN3 WP12

This paper describes preliminary results
of a qualitative case study on mobile
communication conducted in an elders’ retire
ment home in Toronto (Ontario, Canada)
in May 2012. This is part of an international research project on the relationship
between mobile communications and older people.
Secondary data at a Canadian level contex
tualizes the case study. We focus on
demographic characteristics and on adoption and use of information and
communication technologies (ICTs) broken by age.
Participants in the study (21 individuals) ar
e between 75 and 98 years of age, therefore
we can consider that the
gathered evidence refers to the ‘old’ older. Mobile phone
users in the sample describe very specific uses of the mobile phone, while non-users
report not facing external pressures for adopt
ing that technology. The main channel for
mediated communication is the landline; in consequences mobile phones –when
used– constitute an extra layer of comm
unication. Finally, when members of the
personal network of the individuals live abroad
they are more prone to use Internet and
Skype. We are also able to find ex-users of both mobile telephony and
computers/internet who stopped using thes
e technologies because they did not find
any use for them.