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Book
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Galperin H, Castells M,(dirs.).  2011.  Comunciación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2010.  Determinants de la competitivitat de les petites empreses i microempreses en un entorn d’innovació. , Barcelona: CTESC AbstractPhD dissertation (full text)

Our research goal is to analyze some of the factors that favor the competitiveness of small and micro companies. Specifically, we analyze the ability to improve the company competitiveness through the relationship among the productive fabric and the University and research system. The analytical question is the study of the way how companies innovate to succeed in the markets. In particular how they take profit of the surrounding resources to achieve the intermediate goal of innovation and the final goal of profitability.

We put our attention in two specific determinants of innovation which also affect business performance: first of all cooperation activities, and more generally networking with external agents; and secondly, the capabilities of the company, more precisely, its absorptive capability.

The empirical analysis is based on a survey of companies belonging to an innovative milieu, delimited and predefined, created and managed by Barcelona Activa, the local development agency created by the City Council of Barcelona.

In order to analyze the paths through which some organizational characteristics and strategies favor the company performance, we used path analysis models. Because of the fieldwork, data are cross section and mainly qualitative so we took a Bayesian approach using MCMC (Markov Chain Monte Carlo) algorithms for the estimation of the models.

The empirical results show that cooperation with universities and research centers favors both innovation and business performance in that specific non university innovative milieu.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ros Híjar A,(eds.).  2009.  Communication Technologies in Latin America and Africa: A multidisciplinary perspective. , Barcelona: IN3 - UOC AbstractFull publication

CONTENTS LIST

Introduction
Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Section 1. Shaping the economic sphere

1.- Mobile-based livelihood services in Africa: pilots and early deployments
Jonathan Donner

2.- Mobile phones as a tool in the household production process Evidence from Puno, Peru
Roxana Barrantes

3.- Mobile opportunities: Poverty and Mobile Telephony in Latin America and the Caribbean. The case of Mexico
Judith Mariscal

4.- Broadband Internet access in developing countries: Universal service provision and pricing schemes
Carlos Gutiérrez Hita & Juana Aznar Márquez

Section 2. Shaping communicative practices

5.- Managing the cost of mobile communication in Ghana
Araba Sey

6.- Africa connects: Mobile communication and social change in the margins of African society. The example of the
Bamenda Grassfields, Cameroon
Mirjam de Bruijn

7.- From “lands at the end of the earth” to “lands of progress”? Communication and mobility in South-Eastern Angola
Inge Brinkman & Silvia Alessi

8.- Imagined connectivity, poetic text-messaging and appropriation in Sudan
Siri Lamoureaux

Section 3. Shaping migratory cultures

9.- Connectivity, Migration and Socio-Economic Development with a focus on the Maghreb
Ivan Ureta

10.- ICTs in Senegal: between migration culture and socio-cultural and politico-economic positioning
Aly Tandian

11.- Moving and mediating: a mobile view on sub-Saharan African migration towards Europe
Joris Schapendonk

12.- ICT and codeveloppement between Catalonia and Senegal (French)
Papa Sow & Rosnert Ludovic Alissoutin

13.- Can the diaspora contribute to the development of their home countries?
Ana M. González Ramos, Jörg Müller & Milagros Sáinz Ibáñez

Summing up
Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol & Adela Ros

Castells, M, Vilaseca J,(dirs.), Ammetllet G, Esteban I, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Lladós J, Rodríguez I, Torrent J, Vilaseca J.  2007.  Entorno innovador, iniciativa emprendedora y desarrollo local. , Barcelona: Ed. Octaedro
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Ferran Boleda J.  2007.  Un viatge per la fractura digital: Mòbils, SMS, Blogs i Internet a l'Àfrica. , Lleida: Pagès Editors Abstract

Viatjant per Àfrica cal tenir els ulls ben oberts si es volen veure lleons. Però a més de mirar els animals, també es poden observar altres coses, per exemple com es veu en aquest continent la irrupció de les noves tecnologies de la informació i les comunicacions.
La suma d'aquestes observacions i l'experiència prèvia dels autors es combina en aquest llibre de viatge que pretén introduir, talment com si naveguéssim desordenadament per Internet, saltant de pàgina en pàgina i d'una forma lúdica, conceptes bàsics de les noves tecnologies, aspectes de la seva evolució a la vegada que fan una reflexió personal sobre les diferències en els seus usos i utilitats entre el nostre país i un dels països més pobres del continent africà.

Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Linchuan Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Mobile Communication and Society A Global Perspective. : MIT Press Abstract

Translations
Spanish: Ed. Ariel / Fund. Telefónica, 2006 (ISBN: 978-84-344-5327-2)
Italian: Ed. Guerini e Associati, 2008 (ISBN: 978-88-8335-959-0)
Portuguese: Ed.Fund. Calouste Gulbenkian, 2009 (ISBN: 978-972-31-1297-9)
Korean: CommunicationBooks, 2009 (ISBN: 978-89-6406-020-9)

Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. Are mobile phones expressions of identity, fashionable gadgets, tools for life—or all of the above? Mobile Communication and Society looks at how the possibility of multimodal communication from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, at work, and at school, and raises broader concerns about politics and culture both global and local.

Book Chapter
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Barrantes R, Agüero A.  2013.  Mobile Telephony in Rural Areas: A Case Study in Puno, Peru. Bruck and Rao, M. (eds.): Global Mobile: Applications and Innovations for the Worldwide Mobile Ecosystem . : Information Today, Inc Abstract

This in-depth case study provides insights into the value and impacts of mobile communication in rural areas, particularly among impoverished communities. In the rural areas of Puno, Peru, mobile phone usage was tracked among producers, traders, veterinary technicians, and young students. Prepaid subscription was the most common payment option, and sharing of mobile phones was not unusual. Mobiles were used for sharing social and business information, micro-coordination of activities, market expansion, and planning of livestock operations. Youth tended to use high-end phones for offline entertainment (games, music), and not for voice communication. The authors recommend that industry and government work together to make mobiles more affordable and network coverage more extensive.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2012.  Jóvenes y prácticas comunicativas: Más allá de los datos estadísticos [Youth and communication practices: beyond statistic data]. In Pérez, L.; Nuez, C.; del Pozo, J. (coord.): Tecnologías de la Comunicación, Jóvenes y promoción de la salud. , Logroño: Gobierno de la Riojafernandez-ardevol_drojnet2012_p12-27.pdf
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Molinari A, Vázquez Grenno J.  2011.  Contexto socioeconómico y difusión de las TIC en América Latina. in Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 41-80. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Vázquez Grenno J.  2011.  Estimación de la contribución de la telefonía móvil al crecimiento y reducción de la pobreza. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 81-131. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Barrantes, R, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Ureta S.  2011.  Introducción: La comunicación móvil y el desarrollo de América Latina en el siglo XXI. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 21-40. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Barrantes, R, Agüero A, Fernández-Ardèvol M.  2011.  La telefonía móvil en el ámbito rural: Estudio de caso en Puno, Perú. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 133-179. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Galperin H.  2011.  Síntesis de resultados y conclusiones. Fernández-Ardèvol, M. Galperin, H.; Castells, M. (dirs.): Comunicación móvil y desarrollo económico y social en América Latina: 319-350. , Barcelona: Ed. Ariel
Castells, M, Fernández-Ardèvol M, Qiu J, Sey A.  2006.  Electronic Communication and Socio-Political Mobilisation: A New Form of Civil Society. Glasius, M.; Kaldor, M. i Anheier, H. (eds.): Global Civil Society 2005/6. , London: SAGE Publications
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2005.  Ciudades competidoras de Viladecans en atracción de capitales de la nueva economía. Prieto, H. (ed.): La construcción de la ciudad digital. , Barcelona: Ed. Hacer
Conference Proceedings
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2014.  Mobile Phones, Restrictions and Discontinuities. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on M4D Mobile Communication for Development: M4D 2014, General Tracks. :119-130., Dakar, Senegal: Karkstad University Abstract

By means of a qualitative approach I bring insights on the relationship older people (60+) have with mobile communication in a low income district of Lima (Peru). The case study I conducted in September 2013 included interviews and one focus group with 20 inhabitants of San Juan de Miraflores district. The user / non-user dichotomous classification turned out to be too narrow in this context.
While some participants reported a common, bidirectional use of the device, restrictions and discontinuities played a role.
Some described an asymmetric use of the mobile phone, as they used it exclusively for receiving calls, while never making outgoing calls. Others described discontinuities in ownership, which was the case when their mobile was stolen and the y could not replace it immediately. My initial hypothesis is that such restrictions are related to income, skills and age.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2012.  Missed Calls: Barcelona and Los Angeles compared. Technology & Emerging Media Track – Annual Conference of the Canadian Communication Association (Waterloo, May 30 -June 1, 2012). , Watterloo, Ontario: Canadian Communication Association AbstractAccess PDF

I discuss the phenomenon of missed calls and their intentional use by older mobile phone users in two different locations: Barcelona and Los Angeles. Deliberate missed calls (DMC) are made, with the intention that the receiver is not to answer them. They appeared as an innovative, low-cost communication practice. They constitute a limited form of communication, compared to voice calls, as there is no feedback from the receiver and, therefore, more uncertainty is involved. While youth, teenagers and children have been the main focus of scholarly attention in this field in developed countries, few studies have focused on elders. To address this absence, this paper explores the use of missed calls amongst senior individuals (60 years old and over). I describe the main purpose of this practice, the context in which it is used and the motivations for using it. The main conclusion is that elders communicate by means of missed calls if younger generations in their society do.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2011.  Mobile Phones in a Retirement Home: Strategic Tools for Mediated Communication. In: El-Qawasmeh, E., Zain, J., Cherifi, H. DICTAP 2011, Part I, Communications in Computer and Information Science series. :395-406., Dijon Abstract

By means of a case study we explore how the residents of a retirement home use mobile telephony. This is part of wider research on mobile communication among the elderly population in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). A qualitative approach, based on semi-structured interviews, allows the exploration of social perceptions, representations and use of the technology to better understand the processes in operation here. We analyze the position that mobile telephony occupies in the personal system of communication channels (PSCC) and we observe that the mobile phone has
become a central channel and a strategic tool for seniors who have moved from their private household to a retirement home, while intensity of telephony use is kept low. Taking into account the available evidence on mobile appropriation in the golden age, the first results of the case study are presented and discussed here.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2011.  Mobile Telephony among the Elders: first results of a qualitative approach. In: Isaías, P., Kommers, P. Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference e-Society 2011. :435-438., Lisbon: IADIS (International Association for Development of the Information Society) Abstract

By means of a qualitative approach we analyze the processes of adoption of mobile telephony within a sample of senior
individuals living in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). First results of an ongoing research allow us
to discuss the position mobile devices occupy within their personal system of communication channels and to indentify
different ways of appropriation and use.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2010.  Determinants of science-based cooperation: evidence in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 11th Management International Conference.. :24–27., Ankara (Turkey) Abstract

We study the determinants of science-based cooperation in the case of small and micro firms. We propose an analytical framework based on the resource-based view of the firm. We identify a set of organisational characteristics, which we classify as internal, external and structural factors. Each factor can be linked to at least one reason, from the firm’s point of view, to cooperate with universities and public research centres. Each reason can in turn be used as an indicator of a firm’s organisational needs or organisational capacities. In order to validate the theoretical model, we estimate a logistic regression that models the propensity to participate in science-based cooperation activities within a sample of 285 small and micro firms.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2010.  Household access to mobile telephony in Latin America. In Svensson, J.; Wicander, G. (eds.): Proceedings of the 2nd International conference on M4D Mobile Communication Technology for Development M4D 2010. :60-69., Kampala (Uganda): Karlstad University Abstractfernandezardevol_m4d2010_dspace.pdf

By analyzing available data on household access to mobile telephony gathered through household surveys we are able to enrich the information given by the most usual indicator on mobile diffusion, mobile subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. Household data should contribute to a better understanding and contextualization of the current research on the field. The
description is centered in Latin America and the Caribbean, where data confirm that (1) mobile telephony is the most usual bidirectional communication tool at a household level, and (2) it is better distributed among income levels than fixed phones and Internet. Finally, it seems that mobile subscriptions per 100 inhabitants cannot be used as a unique tool for estimating household mobile access.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M, Lladós Masllorens J.  2009.  Science-based cooperation and business success: Transmittal mechanisms in a sample of small and micro firms. Proceedings of the 10th Management International Conference. :pp-pp., Sousse (Tunisia) Abstractmic2010-fernandezardevol.pdf

Available evidence states that cooperation with universities and research centers improves companies’ competitiveness. But a firm needs some abilities to take profit of these interactions. In this sense, absorptive capacity (Cohen and Levinthal 1989/90) determines the ability - and the interest- of firms to cooperate with universities. The goal of this research is to deepen our knowledge about the firm internal transmittal mechanisms operating form scientific based cooperation to business success through innovation. The empirical analysis is based on a unique sample of 285 small and micro firms of Barcelona, mostly youth. We use path analysis techniques under a Bayesian approach. To properly deal with the qualitative nature of most of the variables, estimation is based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Considering innovation both as a process and a result, we are able to verify that this is a necessary intermediate step for business success. However, this is not the unique channel in operation. Finally, we also observe the importance of scientific based cooperation among a sample of firms that belong to a context not directly related to universities.

Journal Article
Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Deliberate missed calls: A meaningful communication practice for seniors? Mobile Media & Communication. 1(3):285-298. AbstractAbstract (Journal website)

doi:10.1177/2050157913493624

In this article I discuss the phenomenon of deliberated missed calls and their intentional use by senior mobile phone users in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). Deliberate missed calls (DMC) are made with the intention that the receiver is not to answer them. Although this multiregional and multicultural practice is described in different countries, no specific study has been carried out on its use by the older population. To address this absence, this article explores the significance of using deliberate missed calls among seniors. There are three main conclusions. First, personal abilities and external support shape the way seniors use DMC. Second, seniors may abandon, or at least redefine, the use of deliberate missed calls if they change to a flat-rate contract. Finally, the focus on an already old innovation such as DMC allows us to observe the importance of accounting for the heterogeneity of older people if we are to properly analyze their mobile communication practices.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  Exploring the use of mobile communications in a retirement home in Toronto: Preliminary results. IN3 WP Series. WP12-006:29p. Abstractfull-text.pdfIN3 WP12

This paper describes preliminary results
of a qualitative case study on mobile
communication conducted in an elders’ retire
ment home in Toronto (Ontario, Canada)
in May 2012. This is part of an international research project on the relationship
between mobile communications and older people.
Secondary data at a Canadian level contex
tualizes the case study. We focus on
demographic characteristics and on adoption and use of information and
communication technologies (ICTs) broken by age.
Participants in the study (21 individuals) ar
e between 75 and 98 years of age, therefore
we can consider that the
gathered evidence refers to the ‘old’ older. Mobile phone
users in the sample describe very specific uses of the mobile phone, while non-users
report not facing external pressures for adopt
ing that technology. The main channel for
mediated communication is the landline; in consequences mobile phones –when
used– constitute an extra layer of comm
unication. Finally, when members of the
personal network of the individuals live abroad
they are more prone to use Internet and
Skype. We are also able to find ex-users of both mobile telephony and
computers/internet who stopped using thes
e technologies because they did not find
any use for them.

Fernández-Ardèvol, M.  2013.  It's not about skills. It's about resources (as always). First UOC International Research Symposium. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2013, Dec. 18. Abstractmfa_lima_poster_symp18des2013_defweb.pdfUOC Symposium 2013 website

We still need to achieve a better understanding on the role mobile communication plays in older people’s everyday life, particularly in developing contexts. Beyond the dichotomous classification of users/non-users, research questions respond to the interest for describing relationships older people have it: How do older people use mobile phones, if they do? Who do they communicate with it and why? What are their motivations for not using mobile phones? What are the effects (if any) of economic constraints?

By means of a qualitative approach I bring insights on the issue. I analyze a sample of 20 older individuals (60+) living in San Juan de Miraflores, a low-income district of Lima (Peru). Fieldwork was conducted in September 2013 as part of a wider case study. Main tools for information gathering were semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Conversations were voice recorded and thematic analysis was conducted.

Younger seniors who had been using mobile phones for a number of years described more autonomous and sophisticated uses, while only older participants reported being assisted users. Some participants had the mobile phone exclusively for receiving calls. In this, they followed instructions of the daughter or son who was in charge of the (costs of the) device. Others suffered discontinuities in ownership when their recycled device broke down or got lost. They would like to have a mobile phone in the future, but this was not a priority. Finally, some participants were not interested on having a mobile phone.

In conclusion, it is not only skills what shapes effective use of mobile telephony – as interest on the technology plays a role. Most importantly, resource limitations also affect use and stand out as a source of asymmetry. While asymmetry is common in low-income segments, there are specificities related to the position of older individuals within their families.