A systematic review of academic interventions for students with disabilities in Online Higher Education

Abstract

The development of new educational environments based on the use of ICT has enabled the possibility to improve access and involvement for students with disabilities at the university level. Hence, this systematic review attempts to synthesize the main findings of previous interventions aimed to promote the inclusion of these students in Online Higher Education, as well as to analyse their contribution on the students' academic success, by considering the principles of both Universal Instructional Design and Universal Design for Learning. A systematic search was conducted in four databases (WOS, Scopus, ERIC, and ProQuest) following the PRISMA-P statement. This search yielded 16 articles according to the defined criteria. Four thematic categories were identified throughout a thematic synthesis: Accessibility, support, socialization, and academic success. The findings show that both accessibility and support are important factors for promoting the disabled students’ academic success in Online Higher Education but also highlight the need to apply the Universal Design in the whole system. Furthermore, the issues of academic support, inclusive pedagogical practices, and socialization should be deeply analysed to inquire about their contribution to the students with disabilities’ academic success. Lastly, the limitations of this study and future implication for research are discussed.

Publication
European Journal of Special Needs Education. Advance online publication

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Citation

Reyes, J. I., Meneses, J., & Melián, E. (2021). A systematic review of academic interventions for students with disabilities in Online Higher Education. European Journal of Special Needs Education. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2021.1911525
José Israel Reyes
José Israel Reyes
Investigador doctoral

Investigador predoctoral del programa d’Educació i TIC de la UOC.

Julio Meneses
Julio Meneses
Professor agregat

Professor de metodologia de la investigació, director de la Unitat de Learning Analytics de l’eLearn Center i investigador de l’Internet Interdisciplinary Institute de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.

Efrem Melián
Efrem Melián
Investigador doctoral

Investigador predoctoral del programa d’Educació i TIC de la UOC.

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